Yaroslavl is a large transport centre located at the intersection of the most important transport routes. Transport infrastructure of the city includes two railway stations, three bus stations, a river port, two railway and six automobile bridges. Distance from Yaroslavl to Moscow is 282 kilometres, to Saint-Petersburg is 850 kilometres.
The city is located on the federal road M8 “Moscow-Kholmogory”, which unites north regions with the centre of the country. In 2006 the second automobile bridge across Volga was put into operation; it has a strategic significance and acts as an intersection of transportation corridors North-South, East-West. Yaroslavl has transport connections with all cities of the Yaroslavl Region and nearby regions (Ivanovo, Tver, Vologda, etc.). The length of public automobile roads (streets, passages, embankments) of local significance is 758 kilometres.
Railway TransportThe North railway branch line of the Trans-Siberian Railway passes through Yaroslavl. Yaroslavl has the through railway service with Moscow, Saint-Petersburg, Archangelsk, Vorkuta, Nizhny Novgorod, cities of Ural, Siberia and Far East. The city has two railway stations. The Direction of the North Railway (branch of the OJSC “Russian Railways”) and large service enterprises – OJSC “Yaroslavl Car Repair Plant “Remputmash”, Yaroslavl Electric Locomotive Repair Plant named after B.P. Beshchev (branch of OJSC “Zheldorremmash” – are situated in Yaroslavl.
Water TransportUnited deep-water network of the European part of Russia makes it possible to forward goods to the regions of Baltic, White, Caspian, Azov, Black and Mediterranean seas. The river Volga and its system of canals make it possible to deliver goods without transhipment to Moscow, Saint-Petersburg, Archangelsk, Astrakhan, Rostov-on-Don, Perm. Due to climatic conditions navigation is possible from May to October.
The river port is located in Yaroslavl on both banks of the Volga 522 kilometres from Moscow. The port accepts for processing different kinds of export and import goods. Annual port capacity is 3,5 million tons. Use of modern technologies provides cargo safety conditions and reduction of processing time. The port has the towing fleet with a capacity of 300-1340 h.p., non-propelling barges, floating crane with a lifting capacity of 5-16 tons, passenger fast fleet and displacement-type fleet. The port has a repair depot, workshops, a complex for drying and reprocessing of timber, a passenger service complex.
Air TransportThe international airport “Tunoshna” (ICAO category 1) is situated 17 kilometres from Yaroslavl. The airport is able to receive 15-17 airplanes of all classes’ twenty-four-seven, including super-heavy airplanes like AH-124 Ruslan. From October 2009 the airport is qualified for acceptance and issue of aircrafts of ИЛ-96-300 type. The airport has a 3-kilometre log runway, a taxi-way system, all necessary services and engineering facilities, a passenger terminal, a freight terminal, custom-operating and fuelling complexes. Custom post and border inspection post work in the airport. The freight terminal can process and dispatch 150 tons of international cargo per day; the passenger terminal can pass over up to 150 passengers per hour.
The airport is connected with Norilsk, Mirny, Bratsk, Khatanga, Vladivostok, Anadyr, Pevek, Keperveem, Kogalym, Yakutsk, Nizhnevartovsk, Yekaterinburg, Vladivostok, Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan, Samara and other cities by charter routes. International freight traffic from neighbouring countries and beyond, from CIS countries is carried out. From April 2011 regular passenger flights function on routes Yaroslavl – Moscow Domodedovo –Yaroslavl and Yaroslavl – Saint Petersburg Pulkovo – Yaroslavl.